WTO accession
31 May 1995
Population
4,486,837
Per capita growth rate (%)
4.6
WB Ease of Doing Business rank
182
Share of international non-oil trade (%)
0.777
Value of non-oil goods traded (in US$ million)
118
2011 data - Sources: UNCTAD, World Bank, WTO, UN Comtrade

The Central African Republic (CAR) joined the Integrated Framework in 2006 and started the Diagnostic Trade Integration Study (DTIS) process; the DTIS and its Action Matrix were validated in late 2007. DTIS priorities identified for agriculture, forestry, mining, transport infrastructure, private sector and business environment and regional integration were included in CAR's 2007 Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) under the pillar targeting rebuilding and diversifying the economy.

 

CAR also benefitted from a Window II IF project addressing institutional capacity constraints including setting up the National Implementation Unit (NIU) and private sector export capacity with a focus on sesame export promotion.

Description of the projects (objectives and interventions)

Under the EIF, CAR is implementing its Tier 1 project in support of National Implementation Arrangements (NIAs) since July 2010. The project seeks to develop national capacities to formulate and mainstream trade policies into economic development and poverty reduction strategies and priorities.

CAR's DTIS Update (DTISU) was launched in 2012, working in partnership with UNDP.

CAR has a Tier 2 project approved by the EIF Board in September 2012, targeting reinforcing the productive capacity of prioritized agricultural sectors including sesame, maize and palm oil. Specifically, the project aims at increasing the production of raw and processed commodities of sesame, corn and palm oil to respond to market demands; to increase the revenues of the rural population, cooperatives and private sector actors; and to improve food security with respect to cooking oil and corn flour.

The projects' implementation has been halted because of political unrest that started in late 2012 and resulted in a coup that overthrew the Government in March 2013.

Main progresses to date

Implementation of the Tier 1 Support to NIA project had progressed well until the end of 2012 when EIF activities ceased because of increasing political unrest and a suspension of all disbursements for project activities following a negative audit report in December 2012.

As part of the Tier 1 work, studies were undertaken on high export potential sectors and Small and Medium sized Enterprise (SME) development. The EIF programme in CAR was also instrumental in facilitating trade mainstreaming into its 2nd PRSP - (Document de Stratégie pour la Réduction de la Pauvreté 2011-2015 – DSRPII) and in particular into the following sections: investment climate; promotion of growth sectors; basic infrastructure development; and regional integration, and in developing a trade strategy. In addition to the National Export Strategy, trade also features in productive sector strategies on agriculture, tourism and transport. Sector strategies on agriculture: Stratégies de développement rural, de l'agriculture et de la sécurité alimentaire - SDRASA 2011-2015 and National Programme for Agricultural Investment and Food Security (PNIASA - Programme National d’Investissement Agricole et de Sécurité Alimentaire) take into account trade profiles for sesame, maize, palm oil, among others.

The Tier 2 project on reinforcing supply capacity of agricultural products will directly support women in CAR, with at least 60% of the workforce in agricultural production being women, involved in the various stages of production, processing and marketing. The project will increase production of raw and processed sesame, corn and palm oil to meet market demands and increase income of the rural population, cooperatives, and private sector actors.

The DTISU was launched in 2012, but suspended because of the political situation.

Outlook

As soon as the political situation will have stabilized and a road map for programme implementation is given by the EIF Board, EIF activities in the CAR will resume.

With the validation of the DTISU, there is a prospect to embark on having a holistic Medium Term Programme (MTP) in CAR.

Outcome 1: Sufficient Institutional and management capacity built in EIF countries to formulate and implement Trade related strategies & implementation plans
Outcome IndicatorBaseline2013201420152016
O1.1 Tier 1 ' Support to NIAs' project completed or under implementationNoYes
O1.2 EIF Country with complete, up-to-date validated DTIS Action MatricesYesNo
O1.3 Level of capacity of NIU to perform fiduciary programme management for Tier 1 projectN/AN/A
O1.4 Country with up-to date trade strategiesYesYes
O1.5 Country with quality trade strategy22
O1.6 Country with quality trade strategy implemented33
Outcome 2: EIF countries mainstream trade into their national development strategies and plans
Outcome IndicatorBaseline2013201420152016
O2.1 Trade in PRSP and/or National development strategies21
O2.2 Existence of productive sector strategies integrating the trade dimensionYesYes
O2.3 Functioning public/private consultation mechanism21
Outcome 3: Coordinated delivery of trade related resources (funding, TA etc.) by donors & implementing agencies to implement country priorities following adoption of DTIS Action Matrix
Outcome IndicatorBaseline2013201420152016
O3.1 Availability of an annual rolling implementation overview integrating all trade-related government & donor-supported activities (including gender & environment)NoYes
O3.2 Frequency of government and donor consultations on trade-related matters32
O3.3 UN CEB Cluster activities based on DTIS Matrix priorities in EIF CountriesNoNo
O3.4 Country with joint donor initiatives in the trade area (such as need assessment; strategy formulations; programming; pooled funding; M&E; etc.)YesYes
Outcome 4: EIF Countries secure resources in support of initiatives that address DTIS Action Matrix priorities
Outcome IndicatorBaseline2013201420152016
O4.1 Country with implementation plan integrating DTIS/Action Matrix priorities and indicating financing needs to be met through ODAN/AN/A
O4.2 Country where a Government budget exists for implementation of its trade strategyYesYes
O4.4 Number of projects funded by donors related to the DTIS Action Matrix06
O4.4.1 Amount of projects funded by donors related to the DTIS Action Matrix (Million USD)010.8

The Integrated Framework (IF) Window II-supported programme yielded positive results in the Central African Republic (CAR), strengthening stakeholders’ capacities in the trade sector. The programme helped consolidate a conducive institutional framework and strengthened the capacity of the private sector to upgrade productive capacity and diversify exports, with remarkable results in the sesame sector. CAR acquired the proper set of tools that propelled the sesame sector as an income-generating alternative, in addition to the production of traditional peanut and corn exports. For example in Ouaka and Basse-Kotto, producers received training on management, marketing, and price negotiation and were able to access proper technology. These activities yielded the production of 1,500 tons of sesame and the establishment of local enterprises (HUSACA) for processing oil. The facilitation of seller buyer meetings generated contracts for 22 million CFA francs in 2008 (approximately US$0.45 million).

Building on these results, the Tier 2 project on reinforcing supply capacity of agricultural products focuses on adding value and improving the varieties of sesame, corn, palm seeds and plants in order to generate more revenues for the rural population.

DTIS Update

Starting date / End date
08/03/2012
Approved Budget
29,455
Board Approval Date
12/05/2010
Disbursement
29,455
Expenditure Reported
29,455
MOU Approval Date
07/03/2012
MOU Expiry Date
31/12/2014
Phase
Completed

NIA Support - Phase 1

Starting date / End date
13/07/2010
Approved Budget
900,000
Board Approval Date
12/05/2010
Disbursement
900,000
Expenditure Reported
679,257
MOU Approval Date
26/05/2010
MOU Expiry Date
30/11/2014
Phase
Implementation

Renforcement de capacité d’offre de produits agricoles

Approved Budget
0
Board Approval Date
18/09/2012
Disbursement
0
Expenditure Reported
0
MOU Expiry Date
15/06/2015
Phase
Implementation

Focal Point

Mme. Sabine BERET
Service des études, Directrice des Etudes et de la Documentation
Ministère du Commerce
B.P. 1988
Bangui, Central African Republic
Tel: -

NIU Coordinator

M. Edmond MOLOGODO
B.P. 1988
Bangui, Central African Republic
Tel: +23675200930

NSC Chairman

Mme. Gertrude ZOUTA
Ministre du Commerce et de l’Industrie
Ministère du Commerce et de l'Industrie
BP 1988
Bangui, Central African Republic
Tel: +236 75 50 23 98

Donor Facilitator

M. Briac DEFFOBIS
Chargé de Programme Intégration Régionale
European Commission
-
Bangui, Central African Republic
Tel: -

Alternative Donor Facilitator

Mme. Cristina MODORAN
Responsable aspects economiques et commerciaux
European Commission
-
Bangui, Central African Republic
Tel: -

WB Contact

Mme. Jelena PANTELIC
Représentant-Résident
The World Bank
Bangui, Central African Republic
Tel: (236) 61 16 55

UNDP Contact

M. Becaye DIARRA
UNDP
, Central African Republic
Tel: -
M. Youssoufa SILLA
Réduction de la Pauvreté, Chargé de Programme
UNDP
Immeuble la Couronne Av. B. Boganda, B.P. 872
Bangui, Central African Republic
Tel: -
Central African Republic Annual Progress Report 2013
EIF LDCs Photo Competition Album
Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper 2
First Annual Progress Report on PRSP 1 (2008-2010)
Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper 1 (2008-2010)
Central African Republic: DTIS 2007
Central African Republic Matrice d'Action 2007
Aide-Mémoire - Preliminary Mission / Mission Préliminaire
Aide-Mémoire - Main Mission / Mission Principale
The EIF shall leave no LDC behind, says the EIF Executive Director at the LDC Group Retreat
EIF Executive Director briefs LDC Ambassadors and Heads of Delegation at WTO LDC Consultative Group Meeting
EIF Executive Director briefs LDC Ambassadors and Heads of Delegation at WTO LDC Consultative Group Meeting
EIF Executive Director briefs LDC Ambassadors and Heads of Delegation at WTO LDC Consultative Group Meeting
EIF LDCs Photo Competition: Central African Republic “Moving rural development up the agenda is boosting farmers’ incomes with seed laboratories and nurseries for sesame, corn and palm”
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