WTO accession
19 October 1996
Population
11,525,496
Per capita growth rate (%)
10.2
WB Ease of Doing Business rank
183
Share of international non-oil trade (%)
0.755
Value of non-oil goods traded (in US$ million)
3450
Logistics performance Index (LPI)
2.49
2011 data - Sources: UNCTAD, World Bank, WTO, UN Comtrade

Chad joined the Integrated Framework (IF) in 2004 and undertook a Diagnostic Trade Integration Study (DTIS) which was validated in October 2005 and endorsed by the Government in November 2006. Part of the DTIS Action Matrix was integrated into the Second Poverty Reduction Strategy (2008-2010).

 

Under the IF, Chad also benefited from the Window II funding which helped to implement a series of activities, including workshops organized in 2009 and 2010 for instance on market analysis for the private and public sectors and on leather value chain analysis. Other such activities included a seminar on market access and conformity to standards in the international markets and a round table on the establishment of the National Standard Agency.

Description of the projects (objectives and interventions)

Under the EIF, Chad is implementing its multi-year Tier 1 project, "Support to National Implementation Arrangements (NIAs)", since July 2011. The project aims to develop and strengthen human, commercial and institutional capacities of the Ministry of Trade and Industry through the EIF National Implementation Unit (NIU) in Chad in order to facilitate the formulation and effective implementation of projects and trade development programmes, as well as the improved mainstreaming of trade into the national development strategy and the use of trade as a growth and poverty reduction tool.

Chad launched its DTIS Update (DTISU) in 2012 with the support from UNDP as the Main implementing Entity (MIE). The DTISU was finalized and validated in November 2013.

Chad is implementing a Tier 2 project on promoting the gum arabic sector that was approved by the EIF Board in October 2013. The project supports the diversification of the Chadian economy by strengthening the country's gum arabic sector through a value chain development approach with the overall objective of reducing poverty through income and employment creation, particularly in rural areas where gum arabic plays an important role for the livelihoods of many families and communities.

Chad is also carrying out a feasibility study (approved by the EIF Board in February 2014) with UNIDO as the MIE on three products including dates, natron and sesame based on a value chain development approach. This study will serve to help the Government of Chad to identify products that can better contribute to economic diversification, income generation and poverty reduction through the formulation of Tier 2 projects.

Main progresses to date

An awareness raising conference on trade and development in Chad was funded by the EIF and organized by UNDP as the MIE. With the establishment of the EIF NIU, an International Trade Advisor (ITA) was recruited by the EIF Programme to support the NIU. The National Steering Committee (NSC) has been reenergized with the publication of a new order for the appointment of members. Committee meetings are held regularly, with participation from private and public sectors at the highest level of officials from relevant institutions.

The National Development Plan (Plan National de Développement - PND) 2013-2015, which addresses important trade issues including private sector development, role of energy in trade, supply-side development of key sectors targeted in the DTISU, and capacity development of trade-related organizations has been developed. Trade has also been mainstreamed into sector strategies in agriculture and livestock breeding as well as transport and rural development.

The Ministry of Trade, with a lead from the EIF NIU, continues to engage with donors on trade matters, including with the European Union, the African Development Bank (AfDB) and the Development Bank of Central African States (Banque de Développement des États de l'Afrique Centrale - BDEAC).

The DTISU process kick-started with UNDP as the MIE in 2012, was finalized and a DTISU validation workshop was held in November 2013.

Chad's Tier 2 project supporting the gum arabic value chain was approved by the EIF Board in October 2013, launched on 14 March 2014 and serves to strengthen the productive capacities of different private actors along the gum arabic value chain, such as producers and other actors, as well as the institutional capacities of intermediary bodies, such as sector associations and trade support institutions.

Chad's second Trade Policy Review was held in July 2013 at the WTO with, among others, the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC) and the EIF NIU played an active role in supporting the coordination of the process at the country level.

Outcome 1: Sufficient Institutional and management capacity built in EIF countries to formulate and implement Trade related strategies & implementation plans
Outcome IndicatorBaseline2013201420152016
O1.1 Tier 1 ' Support to NIAs' project completed or under implementationNoYes
O1.2 EIF Country with complete, up-to-date validated DTIS Action MatricesYesYes
O1.3 Level of capacity of NIU to perform fiduciary programme management for Tier 1 projectN/A2
O1.4 Country with up-to date trade strategiesYesNo
O1.5 Country with quality trade strategyN/AN/A
O1.6 Country with quality trade strategy implementedN/AN/A
Outcome 2: EIF countries mainstream trade into their national development strategies and plans
Outcome IndicatorBaseline2013201420152016
O2.1 Trade in PRSP and/or National development strategies33
O2.2 Existence of productive sector strategies integrating the trade dimensionNoYes
O2.3 Functioning public/private consultation mechanism22
Outcome 3: Coordinated delivery of trade related resources (funding, TA etc.) by donors & implementing agencies to implement country priorities following adoption of DTIS Action Matrix
Outcome IndicatorBaseline2013201420152016
O3.1 Availability of an annual rolling implementation overview integrating all trade-related government & donor-supported activities (including gender & environment)NoYes
O3.2 Frequency of government and donor consultations on trade-related matters32
O3.3 UN CEB Cluster activities based on DTIS Matrix priorities in EIF CountriesYesYes
O3.4 Country with joint donor initiatives in the trade area (such as need assessment; strategy formulations; programming; pooled funding; M&E; etc.)NoYes
Outcome 4: EIF Countries secure resources in support of initiatives that address DTIS Action Matrix priorities
Outcome IndicatorBaseline2013201420152016
O4.1 Country with implementation plan integrating DTIS/Action Matrix priorities and indicating financing needs to be met through ODAN/AN/A
O4.2 Country where a Government budget exists for implementation of its trade strategyNoYes
O4.4 Number of projects funded by donors related to the DTIS Action Matrix65
O4.4.1 Amount of projects funded by donors related to the DTIS Action Matrix (Million USD)55.628.9

NIA Support through ITA

Starting date / End date
17/11/2011
Approved Budget
754,410
Board Approval Date
09/06/2011
Disbursement
673,472
Expenditure Reported
673,472
MOU Approval Date
17/11/2011
MOU Expiry Date
31/05/2017
Phase
Implementation

DTIS Update

Starting date / End date
08/06/2012
Approved Budget
367,000
Board Approval Date
09/06/2011
Disbursement
367,000
Expenditure Reported
367,000
MOU Approval Date
08/06/2012
MOU Expiry Date
31/01/2014
Phase
Completed

NIA Support (T1 Phase 1 and 2)

Starting date / End date
29/07/2011
Approved Budget
1,500,000
Board Approval Date
09/06/2011
Disbursement
1,500,000
Expenditure Reported
1,400,534
MOU Approval Date
22/07/2011
MOU Expiry Date
31/05/2017
Phase
Implementation

Projet de Renforcement des Capacités Commerciales de la Filière Gomme Arabique Tchadienne (PRCCGAT)

Starting date / End date
31/01/2014
Approved Budget
2,539,734
Board Approval Date
11/10/2013
Disbursement
2,539,734
Expenditure Reported
1,976,878
MOU Approval Date
27/01/2014
MOU Expiry Date
30/06/2017
Phase
Implementation

Etude faisabilité d’appui aux filières dattes, natron et sésame

Starting date / End date
20/06/2014
Approved Budget
189,312
Board Approval Date
19/02/2014
Disbursement
189,312
Expenditure Reported
147,643
MOU Approval Date
18/06/2014
MOU Expiry Date
31/07/2015
Phase
Completed

Projet de Renforcement des Capacités Commerciales de la Filière Gomme Arabique (PRCCGA) - ITA Support

Starting date / End date
06/02/2014
Approved Budget
460,260
Board Approval Date
11/10/2013
Disbursement
310,677
Expenditure Reported
310,677
MOU Approval Date
05/02/2014
MOU Expiry Date
30/06/2017
Phase
Implementation
Posted: 08/05/2015

Chad: Mobilizing trade support to move up the leather value chain

 

In Chad, trade is considered as one of the critical tools to boost economic growth and reduce poverty, with support coming from the Enhanced Integrated Framework (EIF) to move this agenda forward.

 

As early as 2004, when Chad joined the earlier EIF programme, the Integrated Framework, the programme was instrumental in helping Chad to benefit more from opportunities offered by trade. Through the Diagnostic Trade Integration Study (DTIS) endorsed in 2006, Chad started to mobilize development partners around priority projects identified in the DTIS Action Matrix to develop productive sectors whose potential was either underdeveloped or completely untapped, especially in the areas of rural development, livestock breeding and handicrafts trade.

 

In 2009, with support from the earlier EIF programme, Chad undertook a market analysis for the leather value chain and through this, later implemented a project to enhance the technological level and know-how of Chadian leather craftswomen and craftsmen with the view to increasing productivity and improving the quality of leather products on the market.

 

Chad, a national leather producer, for many years had not been recognized in the region for this trade, because its leather shoe and sandal production was only undertaken in the informal sector. Through the EIF Programme, and with the support of the Consulate of Italy in N'Djamena, networks were established with Italy to take forward the promotion of the leather sector. As a result, Italy donated new production equipment worth an estimated FCFA 32.8 million (approx. US$53,425), making it possible to step up production from 2 to 50 pairs of shoes per day, while ensuring higher quality and improved standardization.   

 

The Chadian footwear production line was launched in June 2014 at the training unit of the N'Djamena Crafts Centre, with support from Italy and the EIF National Implementation Unit. This marked a positive development for Chadian craftswomen and craftsmen. Now the project provides for the installation and commissioning of a complete and fully mechanized and standardized production line for men's, women's and children's shoes and sandals, with the objective to open up Chad's leather and shoe sector to the national and international markets. So far, two categories of machines have been installed: electric machines and manually operated machines.

 

The project links everyone along the leather value chain, providing raw materials for the footwear manufacturing process and incorporating the hides and skins sector into the process. Over 80 people from the breeders', butchers' and tanners' associations of Chad, who form the upstream part of the production process, are now benefitting from the project, helping to improve the leather produced from Chad's livestock.

 

Moreover, the programme has also enabled the National Investment and Export Agency to become operational and supported the Farcha Refrigeration Plant in purchasing modern equipment for an abattoir and a slaughter yard in Diguel. At the same time, butchers have been trained in skinning techniques and provided with equipment to help ensure the quality of the meat while preserving the hide, which has considerable export value if properly treated, and which had not previously been the case. The project further ensures that the sector is able to produce leather and hides that meet international market standards to contribute to the diversification of Chad's exports from oil. A modern tannery is being set up in Mandjafa, and five slaughter yards in N'Djamena are being upgraded.

 

Additionally, the project has also provided a two-week course on footwear manufacturing at the N'Djamena Crafts Centre, given by an Italian trainer to Chadian craftsmen from N'Djamena and 30 leather craftswomen and craftsmen from Abéché and Sarh. Tanners and leather craftsmen have also received training abroad (in Italy and Tunisia), specifically in order to improve their working techniques. This builds on earlier training provided by the EIF programme for craftsmen and butchers.

 

The two-week course provided a hands-on production experience, from the installation of the production line; presentation of the machines, materials and tools; development (modelling) of different designs and models of footwear; presentation of the different moulds; and the creation of patterns for the different models.

 

In Chad, the hides and skins sector is now booming, and with time, Chadian craftspeople expect to be able to sell "Made in Chad" footwear across the Central African region, with firm aspirations to sell on the international market.

Posted: 06/05/2014

Chad: Supporting gum arabic value chain in rural areas

On 14 March 2014, Chad’s Minister for Commerce and Industry, H.E. Mr Abderahim Bireme Hamid launched the first EIF Tier 2 project in Chad. The Tier 2 project seeks to promote the gum arabic sector in Chad in view of the expanding export base that is predominately based on oil.

The gum arabic project is in line with Chad’s National Development Plan 2013-2015, and the country’s development vision underlined by the President of Chad, H.E. Mr Idriss Deby Itno. The project supports the diversification of the Chadian economy by strengthening the gum arabic sector through a value chain development approach. The overall objective of the project is to reduce poverty through income and employment creation, particularly in rural areas where gum arabic plays an important role for the livelihoods of many families and communities.

The project is based in five main regions in Chad namely, Salamat, Hadjerlamis, Guera, Batha and Chari-Baguirmi. Stakeholders involved in this sector will be actively represented in the policy and project monitoring bodies, through the Steering Committee, the Technical Monitoring Committee and the Local Steering Committee.

The Minister, H.E. Mr Abderahim Bireme Hamid noted that the EIF programme in Chad was working to strengthen the diversification of exports in sectors with high growth potential as reflected in the Action Matrix priorities of the Diagnostic Trade Integration Study (DTIS) Update. He stressed the need to have an inclusive ownership by all stakeholders and to better utilize the knowledge gained in order to promote a more effective key sector in Chad.

The gum arabic project stems from Government’s commitment to build on and sustain gains from the gum arabic sector, following positive results of an earlier gum arabic project funded by the European Union. The EIF Tier 2 project was developed in close collaboration with the Ministry of Environment and Water Resources and will be implemented by the EIF National Implementation Unit. Local expertise such as SOS Sahel and Islamic Relief Worldwide will join hands with international expertise, UNIDO and ITC to support project implementation.

The UNDP Acting Resident Representative, Mr. Adama Bocar Soko, in his capacity as EIF Donor Facilitator, pinpointed the role of the gum arabic sector in the diversification of the Chadian economy and further informed the participants of the support of the UNDP to the programme and the need to align priorities, projects and sectoral strategies to the Action Matrix of the DTIS Update. On the other hand, Mr Bonaventure Traoré, the EIF Regional Trust Fund Manager recommended the efforts of the Government in mobilizing additional resources of US$1,500,680 to implement the gum arabic project, as well as using trade as a tool for national development.

The EIF programme is supporting this project with US$2,999,994 that is complimented with the Government’s contribution of US$1,500,680. Additional support is provided by UNDP to the tune of US$100,000. The gum arabic project will serve to strengthen the productive capacities of different private actors along the gum arabic value chain, such as producers and other actors, as well as the institutional capacities of intermediary bodies, such as sector associations and trade support institutions.

In Chad, the EIF kick-started its EIF Tier 1 project in July 2011, building on the earlier Integrated Framework programme in 2004. With the programme's institutional foundations in place, Chad launched its DTIS Update with the support of UNDP as the Main Implementing Entity in 2012, which was finalized and validated in November 2013. With UNIDO, Chad will also carry out a feasibility study under the EIF on three products including dates, natron and sesame based on a value chain development approach.

Focal Point

Mr. Oumar ABDERAMANE
Directeur du Commerce
Ministère du Commerce et de l'Industrie
B.P. 424
N'Djaména, Chad
Tel: (+235) 66343923; (+235)90784441

NIU Coordinator

Mr. Mahamat Touka SALEH
Coordonnateur Cadre Integré Renforcé
Ministère du Commerce et de l'Industrie
B.P. 1550
N'djaména, Chad
Tel: +235 2251 4421 +235 6623 2922 , +235 9965 9898, +235 7723 2922

NSC Chairman

H.E.Mr. Ahmat Mahamat BÂCHIR
Minister of Commerce and Industry
N'djamena, Chad
Tel: -

Donor Facilitator

Mr. Ali MADAI
UNDP
TBE
, Chad
Tel: TBE

Alternative Donor Facilitator

M. Masra Tamtangar NGOIDI
Economiste
UNDP
Villas des hôtes-Farcha  N'Djamena
N'djamena, Chad
Tel: +235 66 27 29 72/ 99 81 54 78
Plan d’Actions Prioritaires 2016-2020 de la 2ème Étude Diagnostique Sur l’intégration du Commerce au Tchad (PAP/EDIC II)
EIF Trade Impact Stories
Chad Annual Progress Report 2013
Rapport lancement du projet de Catégorie 2 sur la gomme arabique
Chad Diagnostic Trade Integration Study October 2006
Chad Matrice d'Action 2006
Aide-Mémoire - Main Mission - Mission Principale
Fostering consensus for change: trade and development in Chad
EIF Executive Director briefs LDC Ambassadors and Heads of Delegation at WTO LDC Consultative Group Meeting
EIF Executive Director briefs LDC Ambassadors and Heads of Delegation at WTO LDC Consultative Group Meeting
EIF Executive Director briefs LDC Ambassadors and Heads of Delegation at WTO LDC Consultative Group Meeting
CHAD: Trade, entrepreneurship and promoting sustainable industrial agriculture
1
2
3
4
5