Zambia undertook a Diagnostic Trade Integration Study (DTIS), which was validated in July 2005. As part of a wide consultation among the in-country Integrated Framework (IF) stakeholders in 2005, the IF was integrated as a component of the Private Sector Development Reform Program (PSDRP), and the DTIS Action Matrix was the framework for all trade-related aspects of the PSDRP.
Description of the projects (objectives and interventions)
Under the EIF, Zambia's Tier 1 project to support National Implementation Arrangements (NIAs), "National Implementation Unit Sustenance and Capacity" has been under implementation since April 2010. The project's main objective is to enhance the capacity of the Ministry of Commerce, Trade and Industry to effectively and efficiently manage the EIF process. Also, it should sustain the NIU and enhance its capacity to fulfill effectively its role as an anchor for all Aid for Trade (AfT)‐related activities and programs under the Ministry and act as the Secretariat for the Trade Expansion Working Group, which performs the role of EIF Steering Committee.
Main progresses to date
A comprehensive update of the Zambia's Diagnostic Trade Integration Study (DTIS) has begun and a Trade Mainstreaming Roadmap was developed. A total of 120 stakeholders, including the Ministry of Commerce, Trade and Industry top management, were sensitized on trade mainstreaming and its importance for national development. A new, multi-stakeholder, National Steering Committee (NSC) was established in 2012 and met regularly during the year. A Sector Advisory Group on Trade and Industry was established. Sixteen MCTI staff were trained in Project Management at the Zambia Centre for Accountancy Studies. Trade policy development training was provided in conjunction with COMESA for 31 stakeholders on the implementation of the COMESA Customs Union.
A Tier 2 "Trade and Investment Project for Enhanced Competitiveness of Zambia Apiculture Sector" (TIPEC-ZAS) was submitted an approved by the EIF Board in January 2013. The Government of Zambia has selected SNV Zambia as the Main Implementing Entity (MIE) for the project. The EIF contribution to the Tier 2 project amounts to USD 2,469,930.
The NIU has also engaged in discussions with the Ministry of Finance to set up an Aid for Trade Database that will track AfT flows in Zambia. In collaboration with the University of Zambia, the NIU developed a Trade policy and Development course to be delivered by the university with the view to train a critical mass of national experts in international trade policy analysis. Development partners are regularly associated to EIF activities in Zambia and also informed on the status of implementation of the program. A regional workshop on Monitoring and Evaluation and Communication for Results was organized in April 2013 with the Executive Secretariat in Lusaka for 13 EIF English speaking countries.
On communication and outreach, in addition to undertaking fields visit to meet stakeholders in the provinces, the NIU has produced a local documentary on Aid for Trade and the EIF programme on DVDs/CDs use as a tool to raise awareness and built support for trade issues. The NIU also facilitated the filming of the Zambia's Trading stories chapter. The EIF film "Trading Stories" was launched by the EIF Executive Secretariat during the 4th Aid for Trade Global Review.
Zambia plans to develop another project on the diary sector. Further Tier 2 projects will be prepared in areas such as dairy, beef, tourism and aquaculture.
|Outcome 1: Sufficient Institutional and management capacity built in EIF countries to formulate and implement Trade related strategies & implementation plans|
|O1.1 Tier 1 ' Support to NIAs' project completed or under implementation||No||Yes|
|O1.2 EIF Country with complete, up-to-date validated DTIS Action Matrices||No||No|
|O1.3 Level of capacity of NIU to perform fiduciary programme management for Tier 1 project||N/A||4|
|O1.4 Country with up-to date trade strategies||No||No|
|O1.5 Country with quality trade strategy||N/A||N/A|
|O1.6 Country with quality trade strategy implemented||N/A||N/A|
|Outcome 2: EIF countries mainstream trade into their national development strategies and plans|
|O2.1 Trade in PRSP and/or National development strategies||N/A||2|
|O2.2 Existence of productive sector strategies integrating the trade dimension||Yes||Yes|
|O2.3 Functioning public/private consultation mechanism||2||2|
|Outcome 3: Coordinated delivery of trade related resources (funding, TA etc.) by donors & implementing agencies to implement country priorities following adoption of DTIS Action Matrix|
|O3.1 Availability of an annual rolling implementation overview integrating all trade-related government & donor-supported activities (including gender & environment)||Yes||Yes|
|O3.2 Frequency of government and donor consultations on trade-related matters||N/A||2|
|O3.3 UN CEB Cluster activities based on DTIS Matrix priorities in EIF Countries||No||No|
|O3.4 Country with joint donor initiatives in the trade area (such as need assessment; strategy formulations; programming; pooled funding; M&E; etc.)||Yes||Yes|
|Outcome 4: EIF Countries secure resources in support of initiatives that address DTIS Action Matrix priorities|
|O4.1 Country with implementation plan integrating DTIS/Action Matrix priorities and indicating financing needs to be met through ODA||3||3|
|O4.2 Country where a Government budget exists for implementation of its trade strategy||No||No|
|O4.4 Number of projects funded by donors related to the DTIS Action Matrix||0||2|
|O4.4.1 Amount of projects funded by donors related to the DTIS Action Matrix (Million USD)||0||4|
Zambia's Sixth National Development Plan (SNDP) 2011-2015 launched in 2011 provides a comprehensive medium-term strategy for an all-inclusive development agenda, indicating commerce and trade as one of the key growth sectors. Zambia's SNDP draws inputs from the DTIS, and the national vision on trade also recognizes the role the EIF plays in supporting export promotion, trade expansion and diversification.
Working with the PSDR, the first one stop shop for Business Registration in Lusaka was established and national policies and strategies have been rolled out including a horticulture and floriculture sector strategy, national export strategy, the National Quality Policy and the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Policy and Implementation Plan. To empower human capacity development, the EIF is working with the University of Zambia to introduce into the learning curriculum a 'Trade Policy and Development' course as well as working to update the DTIS in line with the current economic environment.
EIF is also supporting community-based solutions creating profitable businesses and empowering rural communities, women and youth. Through the EIF Tier 2 project, 5,000 producers including 20% youth and 30% women will have access to beekeeping training which will result in higher combed honey productivity, from 8kg per hive to 20kg per hive. Increases in productivity are also set to generate additional income of US$1.50 per kg resulting in a gross income of US$30 per hive. The project also seeks to increase the national annual bee product exports from 1,100MT to 10,000MT within 3 years.
The honey and beekeeping project also looks at investing in eco-friendly business solutions for rural households, building their ability to trade while managing the forest environment, and by stimulating and increasing yields of various crops, trees and plants through bee pollination.
NIA Support - Phase 1
NIA Support - Phase 2
Trade and Investment Project for Enhanced Competitiveness of Zambia’s Apiculture Sector (TIPEC-ZAS)
EIF Stakeholder Engagement process
Non-State Actors (NSAs) and in particular the private sector and civil society play a fundamental role in the achievement of the goals of the EIF on the ground. Yet, their participation in the EIF process needs to be strengthened to be effective. The Executive Secretariat for the EIF commissioned CUTS International to develop a specific module, with the aim to enhance the capacity of the National Implementation Arrangements (NIAs), and the National Steering Committee (NSC), to drive forward a country-owned and sustainable EIF delivery by achieving inclusive participatory engagement of NSAs, particularly the private sector.
Between January and July 2014, the module was successfully piloted in Zambia, Nepal and Burkina Faso.
The best practices collected during the piloting phase were compiled in the “EIF Guidebook on Effective Engagement of NSAs”, which is now available to all EIF countries. NIUs and NIAs that would like to run the module in their own countries are welcome to contact the Communications team at the Executive Secretariat for the EIF.
Trading Stories, the Book, accompanies the film series to show just how trade is about acting local to go global in eight of the poorest countries worldwide.
Trading Stories, the Book, accompanies the film series to show just how trade is about acting local to go global in eight of the poorest countries worldwide. It’s a journey that tracks how, with the support of the Enhanced Integrated Framework (EIF) and Aid for Trade, realities are changing on the ground. Stronger trade roadmaps are being developed, partners are coming together to build the trade agenda and projects to overcome trade barriers are being rolled out. Now, it’s over to you to share the stories, get engaged in the debate and be part of the next chapter that’s still to be written on our global trade connections.
Click here to access the Book
Written by Elena Immambocus and Justine Namara
Photographs © Elena Immambocus and Justine Namara