Cambodia
Diagnostic Trade Integration Study (DTIS) 2007
DTIS update 2014
WTO accession 2004

EIF is supporting Cambodia to build its capacity to formulate, implement, manage and monitor a pro-poor trade policy. Cambodia has developed trade roadmaps that serve as the country's trade strategy, and which set out prioritized reforms and actions for improving trade performance and promoting diversification and inclusive growth.

The 2014-2018 roadmap identifies 10 priority sectors for development, of which the EIF is currently supporting five: milled rice, high value silk, fisheries, cassava and hospitality.

The main objective of this project is to enhance Cambodia's national capacity to formulate, implement, manage and monitor a pro-poor trade policy that is consistent and supportive of the country's National Strategic Development Plan.

 

Results

  • The Cambodia Trade Integration Strategy (CTIS) update 2014-2018 and SWAp Roadmap Update 2014-2018 were launched by Cambodia's Prime Minister in February 2014.
  • The 2016-2020 Medium-term Programme (MTP) for the implementation of Cambodia's Trade SWAp was prepared by UNDP. It takes stock of the progress of implementation of Cambodia's Trade SWAp Roadmap 2014-2018, reviews areas already receiving technical support, and identifies and prioritizes areas where additional technical assistance is necessary for advancing the implementation of the Roadmap in the next five years. The private sector, federations and associations were actively involved in the formulation of the MTP.
  • A significant result of the MTP formulation is the priority list of the top 10 clusters for future Trade-related Technical Assistance to Cambodia. 5 project concept notes were developed and shared with Development Partners.
  • The Ministry of Commerce (MoC) will use the MTP and project concept notes to mobilize Aid for Trade in support of the continuing implementation of its Trade SWAp Roadmap 2014-2018.
  • The Multi-Donor Trust Fund – also known as Trade Sector Development Program (TDSP), has significantly contributed to Trade SWAp Pillar Roadmaps Goal 1: Reform and Cross-Cutting Issues for trade Development. As a result, 28 projects have been approved and implemented by different implementing agencies since March 2009. TDSP was extended with extra funding provided by the European Union (EU) (US$3.1 million).
  • The Cambodian Rice Federation (CRF) Strategic Plan was developed and endorsed by the CRF Board of Directors in May 2017.
  • Five-year plan and action plan of Silk sector have been developed by Silk Development Committee (SDC) in collaboration with line ministries and the private sector.
  • The Accelerating Inclusive Markets for Smallholders (AIMS) was launched in May 2017 with a total budget of US$62 million and focuses on significantly increasing sustainable returns to smallholders including poorer farmers through efficient public sector investment. This was financed by a loan from IFAD and the contribution from the Royal Government of Cambodia and relevant private sector stakeholders.
  • A national seminar on LDC coordination was conducted in Phnom Penh in January 2017 and two MoC government officials attended the 6th Global AfT Review in Geneva in July 2017.
  • Two women government officials joined DICO M&E Unit in 2017, and seven DICO officials (four women) enrolled for English training at the Australian Centre for Education (ACE), contributing to enhance DICO/NIU's capacity to participate, implement and monitor Trade SWAp Roadmap and new Aid for Trade programmes.
  • Cambodia hosted the 25th Session of the EIF Board Meeting in October 2017.
  • Several training activities took place in 2015. 21 beneficiaries (14 men, 7 women) participated in domestic training (English, project management and M&E), 40 beneficiaries (30 men, 10 women) participated in M&E and Communications training, and 59 beneficiaries (42 men, 17 women) participated in training for Communications for EIF and TDSP Programs.
  • The fifth NIU Exchange Programme (Cambodia – Lao PDR – Myanmar) was held in December 2015 in the Siem Reap province.
MOU 25/09/12
Budget 974'980
Data de fim 31/03/16

High Value Silk

The High Value Silk Project of the Cambodia Export Diversification and Expansion Program (CEDEP) I, which ended in March 2016, aimed to promote high-value silk exports. The goal was to increase the competitiveness of the Cambodian silk sector to create jobs, particularly for women, support export diversification, reduce poverty and boost income growth. Cambodian companies participating in the High‑Value Silk Project benefited from individual coaching, advisory support and training to develop their products and markets. They also received support to establish business contacts worldwide and develop long-term partnerships.

 

Results

High Value Silk

  • 100% increase in weavers’ monthly average income from silk weaving from 2012 to 2016.
  • 88 new jobs created by the 14 project beneficiary companies since 2012.
  • 168 weavers newly contracted by the 14 project beneficiary companies since 2012.
  • Technical training was provided to weavers and linkages were established between the weaving communities and the 14 companies. Two study tours to weavers’ villages in five Cambodian provinces were organized for 11 companies who met with 23 weavers groups and visited three weaving centres.
  • Contacts were established with more than 300 prospective buyers in Europe, the United States of America (USA), Japan, Australia and New Zealand which resulted in more than US$200,000 of new orders concluded or under negotiation. ITC also facilitated the establishment of five new sales outlets in Phnom Penh for sales to the tourist market.
  • To investigate the potential of foreign markets, four training workshops were conducted for 26 companies on marketing development missions and trade fair preparation. The project supported the exhibition of Cambodian High Value Silk and participation of companies (on a cost-sharing basis) in 11 trade fairs in Germany, the USA, France, Japan, Vietnam and Cambodia.
  • Active engagement of public and private sector to manage priorities and strategies for the silk sector including the development of a silk secretariat and the development of a silk sector strategy. The Silk Sector Development and Promotion Commission (SDC) was formally established by Prakas in March 2015.
  • The Cambodia National Silk Strategy was finalized and a roadmap for its implementation defined under the leadership of the SDC. The SDC and its Executive Secretariat play a central coordinating and monitoring role in its implementation. The strategy includes a detailed Plan of Action for supporting the silk sector development on the short, medium and long term in collaboration with line ministries and the private sector.
  • The 2016 updated Silk Strategy was formally edited and peer reviewed in February 2016 and launched by the MoC in March 2016.
  • Export plans, market access criteria and buyer requirements elaborated by the beneficiary companies. Marketing materials developed including corporate branding image and product catalogues.
  • Training was also provided and workshops were held by ITC to disseminate lessons learned to project companies not directly supported by the project. This was a positive attempt to upscale activities.
  • 74% increase in exports of Cambodian silk products by the 14 direct project beneficiaries between 2012 and 2014.
  • 46% increase in the sales value of silk products sold to tourists between 2012 and 2014.
  • Business linkages created with more than 300 prospective buyers in five markets (EU, USA, Japan, Australia and New Zealand).
  • 127 new silk products designed by 13 companies. Companies also developed individual brand books.
  • 11 trade fairs/marketing missions and 7 study tours facilitated by the project.
  • 1 SME registered as Guaranteed Fair Trade Organization by the World Fair Trade Organization.
  • 11 reports and studies on import markets, silk sector value chain, silk yarn sourcing.
  • A Study tour was organized to Vietnam to survey silk yarn sourcing and findings were disseminated to 30 Cambodian silk companies to facilitate bulk purchase.
  • Multiple training courses on contemporary trends were provided to 20 silk companies.

 

 

MOU 14/12/12
Budget 1'112'847
Data de fim 30/06/16

Tourism is a highly competitive sector worldwide. In Cambodia, there is a shortage of qualified kitchen staff, and employers often need to turn to workers from other countries. Cambodia needs more skilled workers in the hospitality sector in order to compete in the tourism sector.

 

The Royal Academy of Culinary Arts (RACA) project has two main objectives:

 

  1. Cambodian hotel and restaurant operators improve the quantity and quality of their services through improvements in the number and quality of trained Cambodian kitchen staff available in the labour market.
  2. The Cambodian Government and Representative Organizations from the Hospitality Sector have put in place a governing and financial model that ensures the long‑term financial and technical sustainability of the RACA, independent of the financial support of Development Partners.

Results

Royal Academy of Culinary Arts (ACAC) of Cambodia

  • A building has been contributed rent free for five years from the private sector to the Ministry of Tourism, who is in turn contributing this building to ACAC. The refurbishment of the building for the use of the ACAC was carried out in 2015/2016, and this included the installation of a kitchen/restaurant, classrooms, offices, meeting rooms, and cold/dry storage areas.
  • Appropriate “green” technology such as solar water heating and solar electricity generation for the needs of the Academy will be installed.
  • A mixed governing board has been formed to lead ACAC, using the approach of a public-private partnership. The ACAC Board held its first meeting in August 2015.
  • One of the world’s top hospitality schools, The Swiss Hotel Management School (Lucerne), is providing technical assistance on the curriculum and management systems development. Six visits from the Swiss Hotel Management School representatives took place in 2016.
  • The development of the curriculum was finalized with the Swiss Hotel Management School and with inputs from the private sector. The curriculum was developed to conform to ASEAN and HACCP standards. Other standards reflected in the curriculum are: “Cambodian Competency Standards for Tourism Professionals – Hotel Services” and the MoH Prakas on Food Safety.
  • A train the trainer session, for the Academy’s faculty, was conducted by representatives of the Swiss Hotel Management School, before the first student intake in March 2017.
  • Six short courses for non-professionals were developed and were implemented in December 2016 and continued in the first quarter of 2017. The topics include: Christmas cookies, how to prepare the perfect steak, Valentine dinner, table setting, pasta, basic sushi.
  • Up-skill training courses for industry professionals on the following topics was offered in the first quarter of 2017:
    • Food Hygiene & Food Safety (HACCP)
    • Culinary Financial Principle
    • Menu & Recipe Development
    • Leadership / Teamwork
    • Practical Workshop, Use of Secondary Cuts
    • A marketing strategy was developed to attract potential students to the school as well as promoting the school in the Hospitality industry. Activities undertaken by the marketing team (one international and two national staff) include the development of website in English and Khmer - http://acac.edu.kh/, launching Facebook page - https://www.facebook.com/acacambodia/ (which attracted 1,200 followers in two months), and advertising the short courses and up-skills training to hotels and restaurant associations.
    • The marketing team also participated in the CamFood Fair in October 2016 to promote the academy, and over 600 people visited the booth. 
    • Project representatives also attended the Career fair at Koh Pich in November 2016, where 4,200 people visited the ACAC booth, most of whom were students.
MOU 15/07/15
Budget 950'000
Data de fim 31/12/18

Cambodia is ranked the third biggest exporter of cassava in the world, but has yet to capture more value added from the sector. The vast majority of Cambodian cassava exports go to China, meaning that Cambodia is highly vulnerable to shifts in Chinese demand. Many Cambodian cassava exports are first absorbed by Vietnam and Thailand, and Cambodia would benefit from direct access to more diversified markets.

 

Other challenges faced by Cambodian cassava exporters include high transportation costs, with long distances from farms to ports, and limited capacity to ensure frequent supply of cassava at the quantity required and technical capacity to access export markets.

 

The project will move forward in market diversification, with emphasis on effective approaches to providing capacity building to cassava associations and expanding capacity building to exporters/processors, while also pursuing sustainability. 

Cassava

  • An up-to-date cassava value chain study was completed and disseminated. The study focuses on the two main components of the export value chain: export of cassava chips and export of processed cassava (starch, flour, ethanol). SPS requirements for key export markets were identified as well as the role of women in value generation. The value chain study builds on the 2010 VCA produced by Ministry of Commerce (MoC) with UNDP support.
  • A one-day workshop on ''Developing the Cassava Sector through Market Linkage and Moving up the Value Chain'' was held by DICO in collaboration with UNDP, Cambodia Agricultural Value Chain Program (CAVAC), Swisscontact, Ministry of Agriculture, Forest and Fisheries (MAFF), with 101 project beneficiaries (21 females) participating in 2017.
  • Eight cassava associations in the four target provinces of the project were created and registered with the MoC.
  • 70 members (50 men, 20 women) of the eight cassava associations were trained on the roles and functions of cassava associations in September 2015 and 90 members (70 men, 20 women) were also on contract farming and its application in the cassava sector in June 2015.
  • Five starch processors and 27 dry chip exporters were selected to be key project beneficiaries.
  • A workshop on trade facilitation and export procedures of cassava-based products was also organized in Battambang province in June 2016. There were 85 participants (including 15 women) from the private sector (8 cassava associations, 32 private companies) and officials from the sub-national administration at the workshop.
  • Cassava association leader and private companies attended the World Tapioca Conference in Thailand in June 2015. This gave them the opportunity to learn more about markets, production and processing while also building networks with buyers and experts in the sector. 
  • 60 cassava export and processing companies participated in a cassava sector dialogue forum organized with the Department of Private Sector Development in the MoC in 2015.
  • A consultant submitted the draft report on environmental risks and mitigation in 2016.
  • The cassava sector continues to be a priority for the Government, especially the MoC and development partners. Three main projects were announced in 2016, which commenced in 2017; the Cassava Mosaic Diseases project of FAO, the Accelerating Inclusive Markets for Smallholders of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Support for Cassava Production and Processing of the Cambodia Agricultural Value Chain Programme (CAVAC), and GIZ's Building Local Governments for Economic Development. The project is working with these organizations to develop the cassava sector in an aligned manner, and will engage the various stakeholders in formulating a national cassava sectoral policy.
MOU 08/04/14
Budget 997'026
Data de fim 31/12/17

 

  • The key issues affecting the marine fishery sector were identified and a roadmap for value chain development was completed. Fishery value chain development has been integrated into draft of Strategic Planning Framework for Fisheries (2015-2024).
  • SPS and market requirements of target export markets were identified and presented in a workshop. SPS needs assessments of four processors were also carried out to facilitate their export readiness.
  • The project supported the creation of an Alliance of Marine Fisheries Associations of Cambodia (AFAC) as an apex association for policy dialogue in the fisheries sector. As part of support to AFAC, the project also provided promotional materials to promote visibility of AFAC.
  • The project also supported the refurbishment of two processing facilities to comply with HACCP requirements.
  • Two private sector beneficiaries were also supported to undertake a study visit to HACCP and ISO 22000 certified food producing factory in China as well as a visit to the trade fair in Beijing. The opportunity offered the beneficiaries real life examples of HACCP and ISO 22000 implementation.
  • 184 people were trained in 2016 on good hygiene practices, the legal framework for marine fisheries, environmental impact mitigation, and HACCP.
  • DICO/NIU and the core team of Marine Fisheries Component participated in a field monitoring of product demonstration co-organized by UNIDO and PSDD/MoC at Ecole Paul Dubrule in Siem Reap to promote Kampot fish sauce and chilled and frozen crabmeat in Siem Reap markets in May 2017. The event attracted over 80 chefs from well-known restaurants and hotels, and grocery retail outlets in Siem Reap, providing a perfect setting for Kampot Seafoods and E Che Ngovheng Food Production of Kampot companies to present their products and interact with potential clients.
  • Fishery-related standards have been assessed. Codes of Practices were jointly developed by Institute of Standard of Cambodia and Ministry of Industry to complement existing standards. Training was also provided to officials to equip them with good knowledge and background of standards as well as codes of practices development.
  • The CambodianInstitute of Standards facilitated two sessions of the Technical Committee in 2016 to review Cambodian Standards on four fishery products (i.e. dried shrimp, frozen shrimp, fish sauce, and chilled and frozen crabmeat). The committee approved the four Standards and Codes of Practice, which were subsequently approved by the National Standards Council.
  • 129 participants were trained in various topics including standard development, environmental impact assessment, value chain assessment in 2015.
  • A 10-member delegation consisting of officials from FiA, MoC and MEF participated in a study tour to Bangladesh in May 2016. The study tour gave detailed insight and knowledge on the successful aquaculture value chain development that has taken place in Bangladesh, and the lessons learned can be applied in Cambodia.
  • 81 people in Battambang were trained on export procedures in June 2016. The training workshop was jointly-organized with UNDP and MoC, and participants included officials from line ministries, including FiA, and private companies.
  • Environmental Impact Assessment at field was completed in September 2015. All issues and mitigation measure were compiled. Four pilot processors are adopting mitigation measures for negative environmental impacts of fish processing.

 

 

MOU 07/04/14
Budget 988'953
Data de fim 30/09/17
  • Cambodia Action Matrix (2001)

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  • Cambodia Diagnostic Trade Integration Study Part D (2001)

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  • Cambodia Diagnostic Trade Integration Study Part C (2001)

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  • Cambodia Diagnostic Trade Integration Study Part B (2001)

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  • Cambodia Diagnostic Trade Integration Study Part A (2001)

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  • Country Profile: Cambodia (2011)

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  • Trading Stories: Cambodia (2013)

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  • Cambodia Trade SWAp Road Map (2014-2018)

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  • Cambodia Trade Integration Strategy: Executive Summary (2014-2018)

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  • Cambodia Trade Integration Strategy (DTIS Update) (2014-2018)

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  • Cambodian Silk Artisans Catalogue (2013)

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  • Cambodian Silk Artisans Catalogue (2014)

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  • Cambodia Trade SWAP Newsletter Vol 4 (2015)

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  • Cambodia Trade SWAp Newsletter Vol 5 (2016)

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  • Cambodia High Value Silk: A Silk Route to Reducing Poverty and Improving Livelihoods (2016)

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  • Cambodia: Success Stories (2016)

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Kamrang Tekreth
EIF Focal Point (Secretary of State, Ministry of Commerce)
Kamrang7@gmail.com

Kemvichet Long
EIF Focal Point (Deputy Director, Department of International Cooperation, Ministry of Commerce)
Long.kemvichet@gmail.com

Marta Neves Abrantes
EIF Donor Facilitator (Attaché, Trade and Private Sector Development, EU Delegation to Cambodia)
marta.abrantes@eeas.europa.eu

Hang Tran
Country Coordinator
hang.tran@wto.org